Penggunaan Kata Depan ON
Tulisan ini membahas penggunaan kata depan (preposition) ON ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase, baik sebagai modifier of place, modifier of time, maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions).
a. on + the + permukaan benda
Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu benda berada atau menempel/bersentuhan pada permukaan benda lain. ON berarti “di atas” jika menempel di atas permukaan benda lainnya. Sebaliknya, gunakan ABOVE untuk menyatakan “di atas” tetapi bendanya tidak menempel.
Note: Article the, juga bisa digantikan dengan adjective pronouns.
- Why don’t you hang your pictures on the wall?
- There’s something on your cheek. (cheek = pipi).
- I put the book on your desk.
- We were not allowed to make comments. We had to sit still on the couch listening. (still = diam; couch = sofa).
b. on + nama hari/tanggal
- My birthday is in October, exactly on October 24. I was born on the 24th of October in 1966.
- Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945, or exactly on August 17, 1945.
- I will be busy on Friday, but I will be free on Saturday.
Note: Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh nama bulan atau tahun. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. d)
c. on + nama jalan
- Mr. Smith, our English teacher, lives on Jalan Diponegoro.
- A terrible accident took place on Jalan Sudirman this morning.
Note: Gunakan AT untuk menyatakan alamat (no. rumah/bangunan + nama jalan). (Lihat Penggunaan AT. b )
d. 0n + a/the + bus/plane/train/ship/bike
- You’re late. Janet just got on the plane.
- I saw Maria on a bus this morning.
- A few days before Idul Fitri, many train passengers usually have no seats. They have to stand on the train or even dangerously sit on the roof of the train.
- Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh car/van.
- Get in the car!
- After all family members had got in the van, they left for their home village.
- Untuk truck, gunakan IN jika berada di dalam ruangan sopir, dan gunakan ON jika berada di bak truck.
- Luckily, there was one seat left in the truck, otherwise, I would have sat on the back of the truck.
e. on + the + (ordinal number/adjective) + floorContoh:
- You guys can sleep on the bed and I will sleep on the floor.
- Heru lives in an apartment. He lives on the twenty- second floor of that apartment.
- Sir, we have only one room left on the thirteenth floor.
f. on the beachContoh:
- I saw them walking on the beach a few minutes ago.
- If you go to Kuta, Bali, you will see a lot of tourists lying on the beach. (lie = berbaring)
g. on timeOn time = punctual = tepat waktu. Bedakan dengan in time. (Lihat IN. h).
- The meeting started at 10 a.m. Robby arrived at 10. He was on time.
- Despite the bad weather, our plane took off on time.
h. on the cornerOn the corner = di pojok/di persimpangan. Biasanya digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu lokasi yang terletak di sebuah persimpangan jalan.
- The police station is on the corner of Jalan Diponegoro and Jalan Sudirman.
- The shopping center is on the corner of Main Street and Pasadena Avenue.
i. on the sidewalkContoh:
- Don’t walk in the street. Walk on the sidewalk.
j. on the wayOn the way = dalam perjalanan. Bedakan dengan in the way. (Lihat IN. j).
- I will buy the book (that) the professor told us to read on the way to campus.
- I think James is on the way to his girl friend’s house now.
k. on +the + right/left.Contoh:
- My office is on the left wing of the building while Ronny’s is on the right.
- Do you know those two girls? Yes, of course, I do. The one sitting on the right is Lucy, while the one on the left is Lissie.
l. on + television/ the telephone/(the) radio.Contoh:
- The debate will be on television tonight.
- The manager is on the telephone. He will be here soon.
- Before the television era, we used to listen to live sports games on the radio.
m. on the wholeOn the whole= in general = secara keseluruhan.
- On the whole, the rescue mission was well done.
- Although SBY has been criticized on certain issues, on the whole, he is considered successful in governing our country.
n. on the other handOn the other hand = however = nevertheless.
- The present perfect tense is never used to indicate a specific time; on the other hand, the simple past tense is.
- He wants to study English at the university; on the other hand, his parents want him to take economics.
o. on saleOn sale = diobral, dijual lebih mural dari harga normal.
- The cellphones will go on sale this weekend.
- The regular price of the book is $99.95, but today it’s on sale for $75.
p. on footOn foot = walking = jalan kaki.
- My car did not start so I came on foot.
- Although he has a car, he prefers to go to his office on foot.